What was Phaedo theory?
In his dialogue the Phaedo, Plato expounded a theory of literally innate ideas; humans, for example, have a conception of exact Equality, which, since it could not have been supplied by the senses, must have been acquired by the soul before it was embodied (see also reincarnation).
What is the significance of the story Phaedo?
The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection.
Is the soul immortal Phaedo?
The soul belongs to the former category and the body to the latter. The soul, then, is immortal, although this immortality may take very different forms.
What is the final argument Phaedo?
The Phaedo’s final argument ends at 106e-107a with the conclusion ‘a soul is something immortal and indestructible, and our souls really will exist in Hades‘. It began at 95e, with some prolonged criticism of various wrong theories about how to explain coming into and going out of existence.
What is the main point Socrates is trying to make in the Phaedo?
Socrates draws a distinction between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things which are material, visible, and perishable. The body is of the second kind, whereas the soul is of the first kind. This would suggest that the soul ought to be immortal and survive death.
What does Socrates say about death in Phaedo?
According to Socrates, true philosophers spend their entire lives preparing for death and dying, so it would be uniquely odd if they were to be sad when the moment of death finally arrived. Death, Socrates explains, is the separation of the soul from the body.
Which argument is provided in the Phaedo in support of the Theory of recollection?
The Theory of Recollection shows that the soul existed before birth, and the Argument from Opposites shows that it must have been born from out of death. Bearing in mind that the soul has to be re-born after it dies, Simmias and Cebes are forced to acknowledge that it must continue to exist after death.
What is the equal in Phaedo?
Socrates In The Phaedo Final Analysis
The type of knowledge concerned is the ideal Forms such as equality or the “equal itself” . According to Socrates, people possess knowledge of the Equal itself before being able to perceive through their senses, objects of equal proportions .