What is the best book on logic?

The best books on Logic

  • Logic Primer. by Colin Allen & Michael Hand.
  • Logic. by Wilfrid Hodges.
  • Paradoxes. by R. M. Sainsbury.
  • Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. by Ludwig Wittgenstein.
  • Philosophy of Logic. by Willard Van Orman Quine.

What is the best logical fallacy?

The Top 10 Logical Fallacies

  • Straw Man Fallacy.
  • Begging the Question Fallacy.
  • Ad Hominem Fallacy.
  • Post Hoc Fallacy.
  • Loaded Question Fallacy.
  • False Dichotomy Fallacy.
  • Fallacy of Equivocation.
  • Appeal to Authority Fallacy.

What are examples of logical fallacies?

Examples of logical fallacies

  • The correlation/causation fallacy. …
  • The bandwagon fallacy. …
  • The anecdotal evidence fallacy. …
  • The straw man fallacy. …
  • The false dilemma fallacy. …
  • The slothful induction fallacy. …
  • The hasty generalization fallacy. …
  • The middle ground fallacy.

What are the 9 logical fallacies?

The fallacy

Also known as appeal to popularity, argument from majority, argument from consensus, bandwagon fallacy, appeal to common belief, democratic fallacy, mob appeal, and appeal to masses.

What should I study if I like logic?

There are a lot of careers out there geared toward logical thinkers, and some of them are not as mundane as you might think.

  • Lawyer. …
  • Neuropsychologist. …
  • Computer Programmer. …
  • Accounting. …
  • Criminologist.

Where do I start with logic?

If it is philosophy or law then syllogistic, and translating colloquial reasoning into it, is a canonical starting point. If it is more mathematics or linguistics you can probably skip syllogistic and start with modern propositional logic, then predicate/quantifier logic.

Why is straw man a fallacy?

Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior. This fallacy occurs when the weakest version of an argument is attacked while stronger ones are ignored.

How many logical fallacies are there?

There are seven kinds of sophistical refutation that can occur in the category of refutations not dependent on language: accident, secundum quid, consequent, non-cause, begging the question, ignoratio elenchi and many questions. The fallacy of accident is the most elusive of the fallacies on Aristotle’s list.

What are the 3 types of fallacies?

Species of Fallacious Arguments. The common fallacies are usefully divided into three categories: Fallacies of Relevance, Fallacies of Unacceptable Premises, and Formal Fallacies. Many of these fallacies have Latin names, perhaps because medieval philosophers were particularly interested in informal logic.

What is red herring fallacy?

A red herring is a logical fallacy in which irrelevant information is presented alongside relevant information, distracting attention from that relevant information. This may be done intentionally or unintentionally. A red herring is often used in movies, television and literature.

What is a non sequitur?

Definition of non sequitur

2 : a statement (such as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said We were talking about the new restaurant when she threw in some non sequitur about her dog.

What is a non sequitur example?

A non sequitur is a conclusion or reply that doesn’t follow logically from the previous statement. You’ve probably heard an example of a non sequitur before, therefore bunny rabbits are way cuter than chipmunks.

What means straw man?

Definition of straw man

1 : a weak or imaginary opposition (such as an argument or adversary) set up only to be easily confuted.

What is a straw man argument example?

For example, if someone says “I think that we should give better study guides to students”, a person using a strawman might reply by saying “I think that your idea is bad, because we shouldn’t just give out easy A’s to everyone”.

What is poisoning the well fallacy?

Poisoning the well (or attempting to poison the well) is a type of informal fallacy where adverse information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience, with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing something that the target person is about to say.

What is abusive ad hominem?

Ad Hominem – Abusive. Ad Hominem – Abusive. Description: The argument attacks a position by appealing to the despicable qualities, moral turpitude, and over-all lowness and meanness of a person who holds the position.

What is a circumstantial fallacy?

Circumstantial Ad Hominem. Fallacy occurs when someone uses unsound reasoning to support a claim or argument. Circumstantial Ad Hominem occurs when someone attacks a claim by saying that the person making the claim is only making it because it’s in his/her interest or because of his/her circumstances.

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