What is relational virtue?
A relational virtue refers to excellence in relation to one’s intimates and the relationship with them. Thus, a person who has a relational virtue has proper sensitivity to those normative demands and appropriate modes of responsiveness to them.
Are virtues culturally relative?
Virtue, moral goodness, character are complex systemic phenomena and concepts. They can be seen, as in the parable of the blind men and the elephant, in many different ways, including holistically and in more specific reductionistic ways. So virtue can be seen as universally or as culturally relevant.
What is the relationship between values and virtues?
The main difference between value and virtue is that values are principles or standards of behavior that help one to decide what is important in life whereas virtues are qualities that are universally or generally considered to be good and desirable.
What are the 3 types of virtue?
These are arête (excellence or virtue), phronesis (practical or moral wisdom) and eudaimonia (usually translated as happiness or flourishing). (See Annas 2011 for a short, clear, and authoritative account of all three.)
What are the 5 intellectual virtues?
They require the practice of qualities like intellectual carefulness, perseverance, honesty, humility, attentiveness, and thoroughness. These are intellectual virtues.
What are virtuous characteristics?
“Virtues” are attitudes, dispositions, or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop this potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.
Is caring a virtue?
According to a strong virtue thesis, care is just a virtue. A strong virtue thesis exhausts the set of conceptual categories into which care falls. Care is a virtue and nothing more.
Who is considered the founder of Care Ethics?
One of the original works of care ethics was Milton Mayeroff’s short book, On Caring, but the emergence of care ethics as a distinct moral theory is most often attributed to the works of psychologist Carol Gilligan and philosopher Nel Noddings in the mid-1980s.
What is the difference between ethics of care and utilitarianism?
In practical ethics, two arms of thoughts exist in decision-making: Utilitarian and deontological. In utilitarian ethics, outcomes justify the means or ways to achieve it, whereas in deontological ethics, duties/obligations are of prime importance (i.e., end/outcomes may not justify the means).
Is care ethics a form of virtue ethics?
Virtue ethics focuses especially on the states of character of individuals, whereas the ethics of care concerns itself especially with caring relations.
What is Gilligan’s theory?
Gilligan proposed that women come to prioritize an “ethics of care” as their sense of morality evolves along with their sense of self while men prioritize an “ethics of justice.”
What is Kohlberg’s moral reasoning theory?
Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is a theory that focuses on how children develop morality and moral reasoning. Kohlberg’s theory suggests that moral development occurs in a series of six stages. The theory also suggests that moral logic is primarily focused on seeking and maintaining justice.
What does Kohlberg’s theory focus on?
Cognitive in nature, Kohlberg’s theory focuses on the thinking process that occurs when one decides whether a behaviour is right or wrong. Thus, the theoretical emphasis is on how one decides to respond to a moral dilemma, not what one decides or what one actually does.