What is a paradox of self-reference?

The philosophical interest in self-reference is to a large extent centered around the paradoxes. A paradox is a seemingly sound piece of reasoning based on apparently true assumptions that leads to a contradiction.

What is the problem with self-reference?

Consequently, when it comes to self-improvement, the “self-referential problem” is as follows: An agent is using its own reasoning system to determine that future versions of its reasoning system will be safe.

What is logic paradox?

A paradox is generally a puzzling conclusion we seem to be driven towards by our reasoning, but which is highly counterintuitive, nevertheless. There are, among these, a large variety of paradoxes of a logical nature which have teased even professional logicians, in some cases for several millennia.

Can definitions be self-referential?

A definition is self-referential whenever it fits into this pattern. Def x := expression containing either x or a class E that contains x. This concept of self-referential definition gives rise to the following paradox similar to the Russell’s one.

What is an example of self-reference effect?

The first experiment revealed a clear self-reference effect on memory for people: participants could recall more people with the same first name as their own than could paired participants. For example, Simon retrieved more people called Simon than David did, but David retrieved more people called David than Simon did.

What is the self-reference phenomenon?

The Self-Reference Effect is a phenomenon of memory that causes an individual to encode information differently depending on the degree of personal involvement in the sequence of events being encoded. Research has shown that the greater the person’s involvement, the greater the level and accuracy of recall.

Are all paradoxes self-referential?

In logic, mathematics and computing

In classical philosophy, paradoxes were created by self-referential concepts such as the omnipotence paradox of asking if it was possible for a being to exist so powerful that it could create a stone that it could not lift.

What is self-reference criterion?

Self-Reference Criterion (SRC) is defined as “the unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values” (Lee 1966: 106). Download conference paper PDF. There are many examples where markers have been able to successfully overcome the challenges encountered when tackling nondomestic markets.

Is a paradox true?

A paradox is a logically self-contradictory statement or a statement that runs contrary to one’s expectation. It is a statement that, despite apparently valid reasoning from true premises, leads to a seemingly self-contradictory or a logically unacceptable conclusion.

What is the structure of paradox?

The design, creation, and analysis of structure are central to both science and engineering. The Paradox of Structure is that, whatever its nature, any structure is both enabling and limiting at the same time. Each person manages this paradox differently, as described by the Adaption-Innovation theory of M. J. Kirton.

Is recursion a self-reference?

Recursion is the concept of well-defined self-reference. We use recursion frequently; consider, for example, the following hypothetical definition of a Jew.

What is logic reference?

Quick Reference

Reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict principles of validity; a particular system or codification of the principles of proof and inference.

Is logic presuppose ethical?

In simple terms ethics is the science that tells a man how he can act correctly with respect to morality, and logic can be termed as the science of only thinking correctly. Ethics and logic are closely related to each other. Both deal with doing things correctly.

What is the best book on logic?

The best books on Logic

  • Logic Primer. by Colin Allen & Michael Hand.
  • Logic. by Wilfrid Hodges.
  • Paradoxes. by R. M. Sainsbury.
  • Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. by Ludwig Wittgenstein.
  • Philosophy of Logic. by Willard Van Orman Quine.

What are the 4 types of logic?

The four main logic types are:

  • Informal logic.
  • Formal logic.
  • Symbolic logic.
  • Mathematical logic.

What are the rules of logic?

There are three laws upon which all logic is based, and they’re attributed to Aristotle. These laws are the law of identity, law of non-contradiction, and law of the excluded middle. According to the law of identity, if a statement is true, then it must be true.

What are the 7 types of reasoning?

7 types of reasoning

  1. Deductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that uses formal logic and observations to prove a theory or hypothesis. …
  2. Inductive reasoning. …
  3. Analogical reasoning. …
  4. Abductive reasoning. …
  5. Cause-and-effect reasoning. …
  6. Critical thinking. …
  7. Decompositional reasoning.